I'll give you the short list...Bayblab can fill in the details of why they chose them:
1. Craig Venter
2. Richard Feynman
3. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov
4. Dr. Duncan Steel
5. Stephen Hawking
6. Meredith Charles Gourdine
No women? Hmm. I can think of a significant renegade who happens to be a woman: Barbara McClintock
I agree. Hey -- what about me? I'm a scientist and I play roller derby. How much more badass can you be? Of course I'm not famous or anything (or very good at roller derby), but maybe one day...
How about that guy who was bitten by a poisonous snake and sat down to record the effects of the poison as it slowly killed him. That is pretty badass. Does anyone know who this guy is?